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 Cows near Morwick Farm


Essential Supplies

The items you will need to complete this scene are as follows:-

Acrylic Paint
Payne's Grey
Titanium White
Cobalt Blue
Raw Sienna
Burnt Umber
Burnt Sienna
Permanent Magenta

Watercolour Paint
Raw Sienna
Light Red
Cobalt Blue
Alizarin Crimson
Burnt Sienna
Hooker's Green
Yellow Ochre

1.5" Wash brush
3/4" Wash brush
No.8 Round
No.3 Rigger


As you can see from the outline drawing on this painting I have gone into quite a bit of detail especially with the trees. It has to be said when it comes to painting, there is going to be a hell of a lot more detail in the trees. I have stuck to the main trunks and boughs of the trees without drawing every single twig, because remember if you have thousands of pencil lines for twigs now, you have to try and stick to them when following the drawing with your paint brush. So keep the pencil marks down to as little as you can get away with. The cows as the main group are drawn as cows. The small group over to the left-hand side, however, in the distance, are merely blobs. But eventually, hopefully the eye will tell you that they are cows.

For the sky wash I have put loads and loads of water onto the paper, which is incidentally a very heavy weight paper, it's Saunders Waterford 300lb or 600gms. I致e done the sky a little bit differently; once I've added loads of water I have then gone on with very loose washes of raw sienna. Notice, however, this is coming down into the ground as well, then drop some light red into this, here and there, and from the top coming down cobalt blue with light red mixed in. For the lighter cloud areas I simply washed out my 1.5" wash brush, which is what I put the paint on with, and then sucked some paint out.
Once this initial sky had dried, I used a mixture of cobalt blue, alizarin crimson and a tiny touch of burnt sienna to put some darker areas in, especially near the lighter areas that I had already washed out. All of this was done in watercolour.



Now again in the far distance, I have my mixture of cobalt blue and alizarin crimson with a tiny touch of burnt sienna, still with watercolour and using my No.8 round brush, which is part of the Sapphire range that I use. Coming slightly further forward to the large clump of trees in the middle distance I am using the same mixture with a touch more burnt sienna into the mix, still using my No.8 round brush and still with watercolour. I'm taking care to leave some of the under colour sky wash showing through here and there, and adding on top of this mix for the middle distance trees, a tiny touch of raw sienna here and there. Then underneath a quick stroke of raw sienna using my セ" Sapphire wash brush. I知 now turning to my rigger with a mix of cobalt blue and raw sienna for a few more prominent trees in front of that woodland. Again all still in watercolour.
Now for the big clump of woodland over on the right-hand side. For this again I知 using mixtures of cobalt blue and light red with touches of raw sienna here and there, in a very wet style stippling on with my セ" wash brush which I致e split and reinstate some areas here and there in the top parts of the trees, using the same セ" split wash brush. Now using a more of a dry brush stroke, stipple on with the split brush so individual hairs hit the paper here and there. And again with my rigger brush using mixtures of cobalt blue and light red, and cobalt blue and burnt sienna, pull out some tree trunks.



Now it's time for some acrylics. The beauty of the acrylics is that I can go into the detail of my tree by painting light on top of dark just like oils. So I知 starting off and I知 using my No.3 rigger brush for all of this, with burnt umber and literally just watering down my acrylics like I would my watercolours. Filling in the whole thing with raw umber first, then going over the top here and there with raw sienna lightened with titanium white, pulling out a few lighter bits. Now I知 adding Payne's grey to my burnt umber to go in with some darker areas predominantly to the right-hand side of the tree, but bits and pieces here and there still using my No.3 rigger.
 I知 using Payne's grey and burnt umber mixed simply because I don稚 like using ready-made black in any medium, therefore the Payne's grey and burnt umber mix is giving me a fairly convincing black.



The other beauty about acrylics, if I now paint in the trees behind using a well watered mix of my burnt umber and raw sienna, I can go straight in with my light colour and here and there, where I want it to, it's going to show on top of the dark. So using my rigger brush, again without anywhere near as much precision and detail as the last tree, block in the further away tree.

Again when it comes to Payne's grey, I知 making it much weaker with the addition of more water than the first tree. Whilst my acrylic is still wet from the first wash quickly draw the Payne's grey mix on top, predominantly again to the right.

This time I知 going to warm up a few areas here and there on the main tree trunk with burnt sienna and a few touches of titanium white. At this stage I take the opportunity to add a few touches of white into the foreground tree, just correcting colours here and there as I go. Remember white is a very powerful colour and very effective here and there, just don稚 overcook it.

For all of these roughing up effects on the trees, I知 doing the same process as I did in the distant woodland with my split セ" wash brush.



For the trees in the distance I have used a mixture of raw sienna, titanium white on top of my burnt umber and titanium white, but obviously there is hardly any detail in this.

Now back to a little bit of watercolour and I知 using a mixture of Hooker's green and raw sienna. With my セ" wash brush, drop in a little bit of this muted green in the foreground field near the cows.

Add on top of this here and there, a few touches of light red to darken down a little bit; this is also the general sky colour, into the landscape. On the field edge still with watercolour, I知 using my セ" wash brush with a mixture of burnt sienna and yellow ochre and painting a little bit of rough edges, not so much a hedge as rough grasses. While this is still wet fill in the fence posts. I'm doing this while it's still wet so that the base of the fence posts soften in to the rough grasses underneath.

Now it's time for the cows. For these I知 using my No.8 round brush, and obviously back to acrylics. What I知 doing is making my black mix, again add a few blocks of black on the cows. At this stage I have the option of leaving white areas because I致e left my white paper showing through all of those, but instead I知 going to paint it with titanium white. Again just block some white next to the black. Now a few touches of lighter black, for this I'm adding a tiny bit of titanium white to my black mix so that I have more tone in the black for the shape of the body. For the shadow colours white in shadow is a bluey-white, so a touch of cobalt blue into my titanium white will give me some shadow colour.

The cows in the far distance are literally just blobs, white and black. Now with my watercolours and my セ" wash brush a little bit of Hooker's green, yellow ochre and a tiny touch of light red will give me a slightly duller green for the right-hand side of the field making sure that the colour gets lighter as it gets further away.

Now on top of here, drop a few touches of fairly strong yellow ochre.



Now for the foreground heavy growth stuff in acrylics, I知 going in with raw sienna to start with and my セ" wash brush, I知 simply flicking up here and there, whacking colour on. Now add a little bit of white to that raw sienna to make it lighter for the further away bit of the rough grasses, still flicking here and there. A few of these flicks getting heavier on the white and thicker with the paint as they come further forward.
Now time for some burnt sienna and raw sienna mixed for this foreground stuff, then a few touches of cobalt blue mixed with burnt sienna and literally just squiggling on with my big wash brush to create some rough growth. Once I have finished this, I realise that my green fields either side needed toning down to sit in with the colour of the rough growth, so I知 very simply glazing over with a very weak mix of raw sienna and burnt sienna acrylic and my 3/4" wash brush very light, very weak. Let this all dry before the finishing strokes of shadow.



For the shadows I'm using a mixture of permanent magenta with my Payne's grey; this although very dark is not too cold. Think of the light coming from the left, which is why I put the light on the left of the trees, casting shadows over to the right.

There we go, finished project.